Classic Trucks History
In the first several years of the horseless carriage, pickup trucks were simply modified cars. It was not uncommon for automobile owners who needed more storage area to remove the rear trunk and install a wooden bed.
First Ford Truck
In 1917, nine years after the first Model T, Ford introduced their first truck. Named the Model TT, it was based on the Model T, and sold as a chassis only. The truck did not come with a cab or bed, it was up to the buyer to build them or have them made. Ford's first pickup was offered in 1925, the Ford Model T Runabout.
First Chevy Truck
The first Chevy truck went on sale in 1918. It was named Model 490, after its sticker price of $490. Like the Ford TT, owners had to add their own cab and bed. It wasn't until 1931 that Chevrolet offered a factory-assembled pickup.
First Dodge Truck
In 1918, the Dodge brothers developed a half-ton multipurpose truck for the U.S. Army. It was not a pickup but a panel truck, with a half-ton capacity and a 35-horsepower engine.
Starting in the 1930s, styling became important, and manufacturers began improving the looks of pickups. Front grilles were redesigned to set them apart from cars. Ford alone would sell over three million pickup trucks by 1932.
Production Halts During World War 11
Shortly after December 7, 1941 (the bombing of Pearl Harbor), civilian car and truck production in America stopped. Factorys were converted to military-only production of trucks, tanks, planes, arms, and munitions.
Post-War II American Trucks
After the war was over, Chevrolet, along with GMC, were the first American manufacturers to introduce new post-war models. Debuting in May of 1947, Chevy's Advance Line Trucks started a whole new look for pickups, although mechanically they were mostly the same as the pre-war models. Ford and Dodge resumed production shortly after.
Chevrolet Chief Engineer John Woods explained how truck production was able to be started up before the cars were: "Before the war ended, the government permitted Chevrolet to begin production trucks for civilians on the same lines on which military vehicles were being built."
Dodge "Pilot House Cab" Trucks
With higher and wider windshields, door glass and rear windows, Dodge introduced their "Pilot House Cab" trucks in December of 1947. By adding 2.5" more in height, 6" more in width and 3" in length, the redesigned cab could seat three people.
Dodge engineers moved the engine forward and the front axle back, giving better weight distribution. Cargo capacity was added by increasing bed-side height.
Available engines for the Dodge B-series trucks were the 95-horsepower 218ci straight-six (standard with 1/2 and 3/4-ton trucks), and a 102-horsepower 230ci straight-six (standard equipment in one-ton trucks). A 3-speed transmission was standard in all models, with a 4-speed unit optional. Dodge built the B-series trucks from 1948 through 1953, then offered the redesigned C-series Dodge pickups (1954-1960).
Dodge Power Wagon
Designed for off-highway operations, the Dodge Power Wagon was one of the first mass-produced 4x4 civilian trucks. For decades, they have been called upon for pulling, snow-plowing, well-drilling, and providing portable power to remote areas.
Post-War Ford Trucks
Post-war Ford Truck production started with the continuation of their pre-war fender-mount headlight and "waterfall" grille trucks. In addition to the stake and pickup bodies, a 1/2-ton and one-ton panel truck were added, as well as a sedan delivery model.
In January of 1948, Ford introduced their new F-series truck line. Aside from drivetrain and 114-inch wheelbase, the new Bonus-Built truck series were completely different than the car-based trucks they replaced.
Ford Truck vs Chevy Truck
The 2nd series F-series Fords, produced from 1953 to 1956, featured a longer wheelbase, with longer front and rear leaf springs fitted to improve ride quality. The front suspension was set back to allow a tighter turning radius. A new cargo bed, measuring 6 1/2 feet by 20 inches, would be used all the way up into the 1980s.
In mid 1955, Chevrolet countered back with their new Task Force trucks, which not only shared Chevy's passenger car good looks, but their hot new V-8 as well.
Chevy Task Force trucks rode on a new, wider six-crossmember frame, allowing longer front and rear leaf springs to be fitted. The standard half-ton 3100 series had a 114" wheelbase, which it shared with the smooth-sided 3124 series Cameo Carrier. The 3200 series trucks had a longer bed and rode on a 123" wheelbase.
In the five years Task Force trucks were produced, Chevy sold more pickups than any other manufacturer, capturing more than 30% of the market.
Ranchero vs Camino
Built in response to the success of the Ford Ranchero, the first-generation El Camino was based on Chevy's full-size two-door station wagon body. Several V8's were available for the Camino, including a 348ci tri-power engine.
Ford Econoline Pickup
Shorter, lighter, and easier to maneuver, the Ford Econoline pickup was also less expensive than a conventional pickup. When Ford debuted their new line of cab-over light-duty vans and pickups in 1961, they were an immediate success.
The idea of placing seats above the front wheels (allowing the cab to be shorter and the bed to be longer) was not new. In 1950, Volkswagen introduced the forward control, rear-engine Transporter, which arrived in America in 1954. In 1957, the Willys-Overland company offered their 4-wheel-drive FC-150 and FC-170 cab-over pickups (the FC designation stood for forward control).
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